About the LOVE Bibliography

One of the goals of the LOVE Community Resource Network (Living OUT Visibly and Engaged) is to make broadly available resources (print and web) that support LGBT+ seniors in communities large and small across the province of British Columbia and beyond. To that end we have prepared an annotated bibliography of the current literature on older LGBT people. Sources include academic journal publications, books and book chapters, graduate theses, reports, films, web resources, and selected grey literature such as articles in the popular media. Canadian materials are particularly important and a Canadian subset of the bibliography is provided separately.

The emphasis is on health and social services, including the following areas: health care, mental health, resilience, social services, housing, residential care, cultural competence, discrimination in all forms, legal issues and public policy, end-of-life concerns, the aging process, and family or social networks.

The published literature concerning the lived experiences of LGBT older adults allows for the critical assessment of current social and health care systems, shedding light on the extent to which diverse populations have access to equitable services. Research on health and aging in the LGBT community has grown considerably within the past two decades. This is due in large part to the resistance, resilience, and advocacy work of LGBT seniors and their allies. Although in terms of legal equality, particularly in Canada, there have been tremendous strides in acknowledging the histories of struggle and social marginalization within LGBT communities, themes of exclusion, inequity, disparity, and invisibility are the inevitable backdrop to their stories of aging. Health and social care services are implicated in the social exclusion and marginalization of LGBT older adults. Research is helping us to understand the presence of discrimination in our society and its institutions, and how gender expressions and sexualities beyond hetero- and cisnormativity have been and continue to be pathologized. Despite great social progress, the health needs of LGBT seniors have largely been absent in health policy and programming — even in the most progressive of countries — and are not regularly considered within the scope of practice of many health care professionals. Not all LGBT seniors are alike, of course, divided as they are by class, gender expression, ethnicity, social mores, etc. The literature reflects the diverse needs of the community. It is hoped that the references collected in the LOVE bibliography will contribute to the growth of our knowledge and the development of appropriate health and social service programs and policies for the LGBT aging population in Canada and internationally.

The bibliography contains more than 1,000 annotated references, which are maintained in a Zotero database. These include separate reference lists of recent material, Canadian literature, and core or high-value items. Most citations in this bibliography include abstracts. For reasons of clarity and brevity these are not included in the PDF of the full list of citations. If you wish to see the full bibliography complete with abstracts, please contact us.


The LOVE bibliography is comprehensive though not exhaustive. For example, some articles on very specific health insurance or legal issues for older LGBTs in foreign countries have been excluded. On the other hand, selected articles and monographs of a more general nature, such as general surveys or cultural competence training materials, have been included because of their intrinsic relevance to issues surrounding LGBT aging. Material published before the year 2000 has usually been excluded. All English- or French-language materials published in Canada or with a Canadian focus have been carefully sought out and included in this bibliography.

Comments and suggestions are welcome.